Getting My 20000 Satoshi To Work
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Let's say you had one legit $20 and one really good photocopy of the same $20. If someone were to try to spend both the real bill and the fake one, someone that took the trouble of looking at both of those bills' serial numbers would see that they were the exact same number, and thus one of them had to be fictitious.
That isn't a great analogy--we will explain in more detail below. .
Once a miner has verified 1 MB (megabyte) worth of Bitcoin transactions, they are eligible to win the 12.5 BTC. The 1 MB limit was set by Satoshi Nakamoto, and is an issue of controversy, as some miners think the block size ought to be increased to accommodate more data.
Note that I stated that verifying 1 MB worth of transactions makes a miner eligible to earn Bitcoin--not everyone who verifies transactions will receive paid off.
1MB of transactions can theoretically be as small as 1 transaction (although this is not in any way common) or a few thousand. It depends on how much data the transactions take up.
In order to earn Bitcoin, you need to meet two conditions. One is a matter of work, one is a matter of luck.
2) You must be the first miner to reach the right answer to a numeric issue. This practice is also known as a proof of work.
The good news: No advanced math or computation is involved. You may have heard that miners are solving challenging mathematical problems--that is not true at all. What they're actually doing is trying to be the first miner to think of a 64-digit hexadecimal number (a"hash") that is less than or equal to the hash.
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The bad news: Since it's guesswork, you need a good deal of computing power in order to get there first. To mine , you need to get a higher"hash rate," which is measured in terms of megahashes per second (MH/s), gigahashes per second (GH/s), and terahashes per second (TH/s).
If you want to estimate how much Bitcoin you can mine with your mining rig's hash pace, the site Cryptocompare provides a very helpful calculator.
Either way a GPU (graphics processing unit) miner or an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) miner. These can run from $500 into the tens of thousands. Some miners--particularly Ethereum miners--buy individual graphics cards (GPUs) as a low-cost way to cobble together mining operations. The photo below is a makeshift, home-made mining machine. The graphics cards are those rectangular blocks with whirring circles. Note the sandwich twist-ties holding the graphics cards to the metal rod.
Example: I tell three friends I'm thinking of a number between 1 and 100, and I write that number on a piece of paper and seal it in an envelope. My friends don't need to guess the specific number, they just must be the very first person to guess any number that is less than or equal to this number I am thinking of.
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Let us say I am thinking of the number 19. If Friend A guesses 21they shed because 21>19. If Friend B supposes 16 and Friend C guesses 12, then they've both technically came at workable answers, because 16<19 and 12<19. There's no"extra credit" for Friend B, even though B's answer was closer to the goal answer of 19. .
In Bitcoin conditions, simultaneous answers occur frequently, but at the end of the day there can only be one winning answer. When multiple simultaneous answers are presented that are equal to or less than the target number, the Bitcoin network will decide by a simple majority--51 percent --that miner to honour. Normally, it is the miner that has done the most work, i.e.
The losing block then becomes an"orphan block" .
Now imagine that I present the"guess what number I am thinking of" question, but I'm not asking just three friends, and I'm not thinking of a number between 1 and 100. Instead, I'm asking millions of prospective miners and I'm thinking about a 64-digit hexadecimal number. Now you see that it is going to be extremely hard to guess the right answer.
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The number preceding has 64 digits. Easy enough to understand up to now. As you probably noticed, that number consists not only of numbers, but also letters of this alphabet. Why is that
In order to understand what these letters are doing in the middle of read here numbers, let's unpack the word"hexadecimal."
As you know, we use the"decimal" system, which means it's base 10. This in turn means that every digit has 10 possibilities, 0-9.